Health advice for travel to Cuba

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Health advice for travel to Cuba

Travel Vaccines and Advice for Cuba.

Cuba is an excotic travel destination that is slowly opening up for more tourists.

Strong influences from Spanish and African roots make it culturally diverse. Exotic rhythms like salsa and rumba can be found everywhere in Cuba, as many dances and music originated there.

Cuba has remained relatively untouched by outside influence, making it a unique destination.

Do I Need Vaccines for Cuba?

Yes, some vaccines are recommended or required for Cuba. The CDC and WHO recommend the following vaccinations for Cubahepatitis Ahepatitis Btyphoidcholerayellow feverrabiesmeningitispoliomeasles, mumps and rubella (MMR)Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis)chickenpoxshinglespneumonia and influenza.

See the tables below for more information:

Recommended Travel Vaccinations for Cuba

VACCINE HOW DISEASE SPREADS DETAILS
Hepatitis A Food & Water Recommended for most travelers
Hepatitis B Blood & Body Fluids Recommended for travelers
to most regions.
Typhoid Food & Water Recommended for travelers
to most regions.
Cholera Food & Water Recommended for travel to most regions.
Yellow Fever Mosquito Required if traveling from a country with risk of yellow fever transmission.
Rabies Saliva of Infected Animals High risk country. Vaccine recommended for long-term travelers and those who may come in contact with animals.

 

Routine Vaccinations for Cuba

VACCINE HOW DISEASE SPREADS DETAILS
Measles Mumps Rubella (MMR) Various Vectors Given to anyone unvaccinated and/or born after 1957. One time adult booster recommended.
TDAP (Tetanus, Diphtheria & Pertussis) Wounds & Airborne Only one adult booster of pertussis required.
Chickenpox Direct Contact & Airborne Given to those unvaccinated that did not have chickenpox.
Shingles Direct Contact Vaccine can still be given if you have had shingles.
Pneumonia Airborne Two vaccines given seperately. All 65+ or immunocompromised should receive both.
Influenza Airborne Vaccine components change annually.
Meningitis Airborne & Direct Contact Given to anyone unvaccinated or at an increased risk, especially students.
Polio Food & Water Considered a routine vaccination for most travel itineraries. Single adult booster recommended.

Sources: CDCWHO and ISTM

Dengue is one of the few mosquito-borne diseases present in Cuba. Unlike many other Caribbean nations, Cuba was able to avoid a major Zika outbreak. Mosquito repellents and netting are recommended for Cuba.

Rabies is present in the country as well. Consider vaccination, especially if going to rural areas or staying for more than two weeks.

Is There Cholera in Cuba?

While Cuba is more developed than some other Caribbean nations, cholera is still a threat to visitors to the island nation.

The most recent outbreak of cholera occurred in January 2015. But, it is believed cholera cases can go unreported by visitors to and citizens of Cuba.

The best protection against cholera is through vaccination.

To be honest if you take care of yourself you should be ok because Cuba is relatively clean and has a great health service. Cuba has great Intrenational hospitals and clinics so don’ t worry. Precautions are always good to have anywhere that your travelling to.

 

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